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A Yellowstone injunction proceeding — named after the Queens, NY, case, First National Stores Inc. v. Yellowstone Shopping Center Inc., 21 N.Y.2d 630 (1968) — is a proceeding in New York court in which a commercial tenant seeks to enjoin the landlord from evicting the tenant for an alleged breach of the lease. This temporary relief preserves the tenant’s ability to cure should the court determine that the tenant is in breach, and thus avoid forfeiting its substantial investment in the leasehold. See Zaid Theatre v. Sona Realty Co., 18 A.D.3d 352, 355 (1st Dep’t 2005); Marathon Outdoor v. Patent Constr. Sys. Div. of Harsco, 306 A.D.2d 254, 255 (2d Dep’t 2003). As with any other injunction, the tenant normally will be required to post an injunction bond if its application is granted. New York Civil Practice Law and Rules § 6312(b)(2). See Barsyl Supermarkets v. Ave. P. Assocs., 86 A.D.3d 545, 546 (2d Dep’t 2011).
By Michael R. Leighton
Numerous shopping center developers use a “layer-cake” of financing, including state and federal tax incentives to reduce the costs of debt and equity financing. The industry correctly saw that the market value of the credits would drop once the Jobs Act become effective. Such tax cut could undoubtedly impact the ability of developers to raise equity, certainly for new projects not yet placed in service.
By Erika Morphy
One of the many provisions of last year’s tax overhaul was the creation of a little-noticed program called Opportunity Zones, which was designed to give investors tax breaks for investments in designated areas. Now, attention is starting to pick up as the program takes shape.
By Michael B. Gerrard and Edward McTiernan
The courts issued 41 decisions in 2017 under the New York State Environmental Quality Review Act, and changes were made to regulations themselves this year. This article summarizes the most important of these cases and regulation changes, and the patterns they represent.
Tenant Improvement Does Not Shift Repair Responsibility Away from Landlord
Attorney Fees Not Court-Ordered Cannot Be Recouped by Withholding Rent