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“[L]ack of good faith in a SIPA [Securities Investor Protection Act] liquidation applies an inquiry notice, not willful blindness, standard, and that a SIPA trustee does not bear the burden of pleading the transferee’s lack of good faith,” held the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit on Aug. 30, 2021 in In re Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities, LLC, 2021 WL 3854761, 91 (2d Cir. Aug. 30, 2021) (Madoff). Reversing the district court’s imposition of federal securities law in this fraudulent transfer action, the Second Circuit applied federal bankruptcy law when holding that good faith is an affirmative defense under sections 548(c) and 550(b)(1). It rejected the district court’s requiring the trustee to” bear the burden of pleading the transferee’s lack of good faith,” Id. at 17, refusing to depart “from the well-established rule that the defendant bears the burden of pleading an affirmative defense.” Id. at 57.
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By Adam Shpeen, Aryeh Ethan Falk and Stephen Ford
Two Recent Cases Shed Light on Potential Risks to Preferred Equity Holders in Chapter 11
Preferred equity is a varied and flexible instrument, but, in practice, it typically has a limited number of common features. One feature is that it is entitled to a “liquidation preference” ahead of common stock. Whether the liquidation preference of preferred equity entitles preferred shareholders to priority over common shareholders in a Chapter 11 reorganization is a question that figured prominently in two recent high profile cases.
By Michael L. Cook
“Good-faith purchasers enjoy strong protection under [Bankruptcy Code] §363(m),” but the silent asset buyer (“B”) with “actual and constructive knowledge of a competing interest” lacks “good faith,” held the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.
By David E. Sklar and Cheryl A. Santaniello
Federal bankruptcy courts have been unavailable to marijuana businesses due to the Schedule I status of marijuana. The United States Trustee’s policy is to move to dismiss or object in each case involving marijuana assets, because they cannot be administered under the Bankruptcy Code.
By By Stuart B. Newman and Steven H. Newman
The Small Business Reorganization Act created a new pathway for small businesses to remain in control of running their businesses, which is the usual reason for choosing to seek relief under Chapter 11, while eliminating many of the reasons that typical Chapter 11 proceedings exhausted the patience, and wallets, of both debtors and creditors.