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A little over 100 years ago, the Supreme Court declined to extend the Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination to corporations responding to grand jury subpoenas for documents, establishing what has been termed the “collective entity doctrine.” Hale v. Henkel, 201 U.S. 43, 74-76 (1906) (corporate officer, who had been immunized in his individual capacity, attempted to assert Fifth Amendment right on behalf of his employer). Some Justices have expressed discomfort with the application of the collective entity doctrine to small corporations responding to grand jury subpoenas, and recent decisions by the Court have extended First Amendment rights to corporations that had previously been limited to individuals. These developments suggest that the Court, particularly with the arrival of Justice Neil M. Gorsuch, might be receptive to reconsidering the scope of the collective entity doctrine, a rule whose principal virtue seems to be that it is a bright-line, particularly in the context of small, closely-held corporations.
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By Jonathan S. Feld, Jason Ross and Amelia Marquis
When used for work, mobile devices routinely contain employers’ proprietary and confidential data. The struggle between Government requests for access to such data and constitutional protections — including the Government’s ability to compel the turnover of biometric “keys” to unlock mobile devices — create areas of concern.
By Telemachus P. Kasulis
Two criminal appeals before the Second Circuit require the Court of Appeals to decide whether the violation of a fiduciary relationship is required to create insider trading liability or if a breach of contract is sufficient.
By Matthew D. Feil and Andrew M. Serrao
Will Prosecutors Take Advantage?
The recent decision in United States v. Blaszczak may signal a change in how prosecutors in the Second Circuit, and perhaps in other jurisdictions, pursue insider-trading cases.
Former Barbados Government Official Convicted on U.S. Money Laundering Charges Following Insurance Company of Barbados FCPA Settlement