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A recent decision of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit analyzed the “scienter” requirement that a shareholder must meet to prevail under the federal securities laws in showing that the company or its executives fraudulently induced the shareholder to buy or retain shares. KBC Asset Management v. DXC Technology Co., No. 20-1718 (4th Cir., Dec. 1, 2021). The company or executives act with “scienter” only when they have a certain fraudulent state of mind, intending to mislead or being extremely careless about misleading shareholders. As the Fourth Circuit decision shows, shareholders must meet a high bar in demonstrating scienter to avoid early dismissal of the case. The decision also shows the fact-intensive approach courts use to distinguish fraudulent statements from those that, even if mistaken, were made innocently.
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By Peter Collins
It is imperative that every organization acknowledges and takes seriously the potential harm that can be caused by insiders who misuse AI as a weapon for personal gain or to settle scores.
By Elkan Abramowitz and Jonathan Sack
This article analyzes the Second Circuit’s decision, which rejected the defense’s arguments for narrowing the definition of “corruptly” and a “thing of value” in the context of Section 215(a)(2).
By Sarah Heaton Concannon and Alexander Schwartz
This article identifies certain information asymmetries in the SEC’s beneficial ownership reporting rules, discusses the extent to which those information asymmetries are addressed (or not) under the SEC’s recent rule amendments, and considers whether additional rule amendments or SEC guidance continue to be necessary.
By Maydeen Merino
Artificial intelligence could drive greater efficiency and lower costs in the finance sector but U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Chair Gary Gensler warned last month about companies potentially making false claims about using the technology, a nefarious practice known as “AI washing.”